Case Study Based Group Discussion Ideas

Case based GDs are different from conventional abstract/factual GDs because they test your ANALYTICAL skills more than your know how/ spoken skills. The GDs tend to become more argumentative since every participant gets a chance to prepare his/her solution to the case - No one remains silent due to lack of knowledge or weakness at out of the box thinking.

So, here goes the tip: How to tackle case GDs. 

1. Do NOT make it a solution war! Don't keep throwing solutions from the beginning. Case discussion is expected from the group. Start with finding problems and opening them up for discussion. The group should discuss and solve the issues being raised by anyone. In the end - after analyzing many problems/issues, the group can talk about multiple possibilities of attaining the objective on the holistic level. While analyzing, try to do the impact study on various stakeholders and incorporate as many environmental factors(social, cultural, political, economic etc.) as much possible.
2. Do not get into bilateral talks. Do talk to the entire group.
3. Do not read the case points from the copy. Be involved in the discussion - do not repeat case facts and points.
4. Maintain your body posture and avoid heated arguments. Try appearing analytical, than argumentative.

CASE study based GDs are meant to test your analytical and problem solving skills. You are tested on the following aspects:

 Ability to divide a case into parts – Case facts, case problem and case solution. 
 One should not enter into a never ending loop of keep throwing options, but structure it from case analysis to final solution.

So, what are we expected to do?

  •  Build a structure
  •  Pin in points in the discussion, but keep a track of the flow you have maintained in your mind. 
  •  Give direction to the group talk.
  •  Don’t allow the discussion to stick to one solution.

How to practice?

Analyze editorials. Editorials are analytical write ups that aim at bringing to light the left and right of a topic. Try to understand how an author builds an argument and how he/she concludes it. Listen to debates and panel discussions online and on news channels, on a regular basis. Be analytical!

So, how will you know that you are on track?

  •  Make notes on discussions that you watch or read.
  •  Take feedback from your friends. 
  •  Participate in discussions at your college etc.
  •  Make a gang of debaters in your circle and keep arguing. Practice makes one perfect!

Pratik was confused. He could never make sense of why should a high school pass out Indian boy be made aware of Shakespeare’s plays, but not of an Indian text like Godaan. He requested the Indian HRD ministry to make changes in the school literature texts. What should the ministry do? 


Raunak, a high school pass out from Baroda, was good with Maths but could never excel in communication. He now wants to become a TV news reporter, but he is not able to clear the interviews for the same. What should we tell Raunak?


PUL, a large multinational company which has been operating in India for ages now, wants to set up a factory in Porissa, a state in Eastern India. The officials in the Porissan government are ready to give PUL a go, but they demand PUL to give the state a monetary grant for development. How should PUL tackle this?


Prices for real estate have been growing in tier-2 Indian cities. Most of this is because of catching up attempts with the metropolitan real estate scenario.  Is it a good time for a retail customer to invest in tier-2 cities? Or, do you sense a bubble burst around the corner?


CASE STUDY BASED GDs THEORY: How to develop this skill?
​- By Rahul Sir


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Types Of GD

GDs can be topic-based or case-based.


Topic based GD’s can be classified into 3, they are as below:

- Factual Topics
- Controversial Topics
- Abstract Topic

Factual Topics:

Factual topics are about practical things, which an ordinary person is aware of in his day-to-day life. Typically these are about socio-economic topics. These can be current, i.e. they may have been in the news lately, or could be unbound by time. A factual topic for discussion gives a candidate a chance to prove that he is aware of and sensitive to his environment.
Examples: The education policy of India, Tourism in India, State of the aged in the nation.

Controversial Topics:

Controversial topics are the ones that are argumentative in nature. They are meant to generate controversy. In GDs where these topics are given for discussion, the noise level is usually high, there may be tempers flying. The idea behind giving a topic like this is to see how much maturity the candidate is displaying by keeping his temper in check, by rationally and logically arguing his point of view without getting personal and emotional.
Examples: Reservations should be removed, Women make better managers
Abstract Topics: 
Abstract topics are about intangible things. These topics are not given often for discussion, but their possibility cannot be ruled out. These topics test your lateral thinking and creativity.
Examples: A is an alphabet, Twinkle twinkle little star, The number 10


Another variation is the use of a case instead of a topic.

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