Essays Of Epilepsy

Epilepsy Essay


Epilepsy is a condition characterized by recurrent seizures which are unprovoked by any immediately identifiable cause (Hopkins & Shorvon, 1995). It is also known as a seizure disorder. A wide range of links and risk factors are associated with the condition, but most of the time the cause is unknown. Epilepsy is one of the most common neurological disorders, affecting approximately two and half million people in the US and about 50 million worldwide. Though seizures can occur at any age, epilepsy is most commonly seen in children and the elderly. Most respond well to treatment and can control their seizures, but for some it is a chronic illness. A clinical diagnosis is the first step to finding a potential cure for the disorder.

The diagnosis of epilepsy is usually made after the patient experiences a second unprovoked seizure (Leppik, 2002). Diagnosis is often difficult, however, since it is unlikely that the physician will actually see the patient experience and epileptic seizure, and therefore must rely heavily on patient’s history. An electroencephalography (EEG) is often used to examine the patient’s brain waves, and some forms of epilepsy can be revealed by a characteristic disturbance in electrical frequency (Bassick, 1993). The variations in frequency can take form as spikes or sharp waves (Fisher, 1995). The variations are divided into two groups, ictal electrograph abnormalities, which are disturbances resulting from seizure activity, and interictal electrograph abnormalities, or disturbances between seizures. The EEG can also give clues as to which region of the brain the disturbances arise from. Interictal temporal spikes will predict the side of seizure origin in 95% of patients if three times as many spikes appear in one temporal lobe as the other (Blume, 2002). A sleep EEG is also often done to examine the patient’s slow wave activity. Localized abnormal slow activity suggests a structural or vascular lesion in the brain, while localized absence of normal slow activity indicates underlying damage or atrophy (Fisher, 1995).

While an EEG is helpful in the determination of epilepsy type or cause it also shows much variation between patients and types. An EEG examination can show no abnormal activity in patients with some epilepsies and can also demonstrate apparent epileptic activity in patients with no history of the condition. Additional EEGs will not detect additional abnormalities. Spatial and temporal sampling limitations are often the cause of an unhelpful study of an epileptic patent (Fisher, 1995). Another problem with EEGs exists within its need for interpretation. Discrepancy often exists pertaining to which disturbances are considered significant. Imaging techniques are often used in addition to the EEG to help determine causation.

Several imaging methods are used to diagnose a patient with epilepsy. The objective of imaging in epilepsy is to identify a cause, through the identification of...

Loading: Checking Spelling


Read more

Epilepsy Oral Essay

1051 words - 4 pages Epilepsy is a neurological condition, which is characterized by repeated convulsions or seizures. There is no known cure to this condition however it is treatable through medical therapy or through surgical treatment.Epilepsy is the earliest recorded brain disorder. People with epilepsy have been feared and isolated by society throughout history. Ancient Greeks thought people with epilepsy had mystical powers. Romans treated people with...

Epilepsy Decision Essay

1774 words - 7 pages Epilepsy is a very common disorder and the international researches and surveys shows that 1 adult from 200 people suffers by epilepsy. There are several forms of epilepsy and every form causes another epileptic attack. Epilepsy is spread world wide, but it is a fact that this disorder is not well understood. Epilepsy strikes whomever at any age and it is not true, as many sources indicates, that epilepsy strikes children only. This disorder...

Understanding Epilepsy

2231 words - 9 pages Epilepsy is a condition in which the afflicted person experiences recurrent seizures, of which there are many varieties. These seizures have many causes (but the mechanism of some of these causes are still unknown) and treatment options. In some cases they can even be completely controlled. However, when they are not controlled it is very important to react in the correct way otherwise there is a risk of further endangering the...

Epilepsy: The Misunderstood Disorder

1824 words - 7 pages Epilepsy is a condition in which a person has two or more seizures affecting a variety of mental and physical functions. Epilepsy is one of the oldest conditions of the human race. Epilepsy Awareness is important because Epilepsy is a widely misunderstood disorder. The reason that Epilepsy has been misunderstood has been mainly due to research not being conducted until the middle of the nineteenth century. There are six main types of seizures...

The Consequences of Epilepsy

1555 words - 6 pages The Consequences of Epilepsy Epilepsy: Any of various neurological disorders characterized by sudden recurring attacks of motor, sensory, or psychic malfunction with or without loss of consciousness or convulsive seizures (1). Is epilepsy a purely physical phenomenon? The question is a complicated one. Put simply, the answer should be yes. The psychological trauma sometimes caused by the seizures, however, makes the answer more...

Epilepsy: A Neurological Disorder

1935 words - 8 pages Being a former epileptic child, I have always wondered what epilepsy is, what caused it and how it affects my body? No one in my family has ever been diagnosed with epilepsy, so why me? I may be the unfortunate one in my family, but I am very fortunate to be one of the lucky few children who have been living epilepsy free for 20 years. But there is still one question, I do often wonder about is, could my epilepsy reoccur as I age? I have seen...

Epilepsy in Children

1069 words - 4 pages Epilepsy in Children Epilepsy is the name for a condition of recurrent seizures where no underlying cause can be determined. Seizures occur as a result of abrupt, explosive, unorganized discharges of cerebral neurons. This causes a sudden alteration in brain function involving sensory, motor, autonomic and/or psychic clinical manifestations.      Epilepsy can be a result of other conditions including:...

Epilepsy Organization, Problem, and Solutions

1141 words - 5 pages Epilepsy Topic: Epilepsy Organization: Problem/Solution Specific Purpose: I want my audience to realize that epilepsy is a serious disease that needs to be noticed and cured. I. Introduction A. Attention Getter: Did you know that around 10% of US Citizens will have a seizure at least once in their lifetime? B. Relevance: This is relevant to you because you could have a seizure at one point in your life and it could lead to epilepsy. C....

Alternative Approaches to Epilepsy Treatment

2351 words - 9 pages I stumbled upon this article during library day and it has been one of the most helpful article I could find. It’s a scholarly journal with ties to Columbia Comprehensive Epilepsy Center as well as Columbia University and Neurologic Institute. The article mainly focuses on drug free treatments such as yoga, relaxation, acupuncture, Omega-3 fatty acids supplements, and biofeedback. I had never heard of any of these kinds treatments until I read...

Hope for Moms With Epilepsy

3361 words - 13 pages Many people don’t understand the risks involved with epilepsy and the emotional roller coaster they go through. Epilepsy is a disorder that no one may know you have. You cannot look at a person and see that they have Epilepsy. They want to keep it secret so they aren’t left out of activities or looked at as an outcast. There are many causes of Epilepsy. There are many childhood disorders and several types of seizures. Epilepsy is not a mental...

Epilepsy: A Parents’ Worst Nightmare

1220 words - 5 pages Jawaharal Nehru, former Prime Minister of India, once asserted, “Life is like a game of cards. The hand that is dealt you represents determinism; the way you play it is free will.” Everyone in the world face challenges, most of them face them every day of their lives. The challenges that people go through make them who they are. It determines what becomes of them and what they will do in life. If someone just gives up because of a challenge, like...

Essay on Epilepsy

750 Words3 Pages


Epilepsy can happen to anyone of any age. The largest(47%) percent of people, developing epilepsy for the first time, being children from birth to nine years of age. The next largest age group would be ten year olds to ninteen year olds at 30%. The least amount of first time seizures comes from the forty plus age group. (According to EFA publications) Over 2.5 million people suffer from epilepsy. The international league against epilepsy describes a seizure as an alternative term for "epileptic attack". Seizures vary in there length and severity. A "tonic-clonic" seizure can last for one to seven minutes. " Absence seizures usually last for a few seconds. However, complex partial seizure" may last for thirty seconds or two…show more content…

The person may or may or may not lose conciousness.

The cause of all seizures is unclear, but doctors have come up with some reasons why they may occur. Common forms of generalized epilepsy, absence attacks, and tonic-clonic seizures are sometimes caused because of an inherited instability. This is where the inherited instability in functioning of neurones is responsible for these disorders. It is still not understood just how this genetic defect works, it could be the abnormality is in the structure of the neurone's outer membrance, which could cause electrical instability.

Any type of injury related to your brain could cause you to have an epilectic seizure. These could include lack of oxygen during delivery of a baby, injury to the head at any age, injury to the brain caused by stroke.

Metabolic disturbance may cause seizures which are generalized, through distributing the regular functioning of neurones. The cause could be when the blood sugar is very low, or when the liver or kidney malfunction.

People that are alcoholic or drug abusers may have a seizure while under the influence of these substances. They may also experience a seizure when the withdraw some of these substances, like barbiturates or sedatives or some other medications, especially if they have been taken for a long time.

Brain tumors can be a cause of seizures also, but these are very rare. Most epileptic patients have been tested for brain tumors, just

Show More

0 thoughts on “Essays Of Epilepsy”


Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *